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Orientul mijlociu

Numarul 2 / 30 august 2004 /
saptamanal de politica internationala
/ publicatie personala / Realizator: Nicu Ilie
 
hbener
 
IRAQ
Ziaristi francezi amenintati cu executia ROM
Ambuscada pentru romanii din Nasiria ROM
Reporter de razboi: Moscheea Imamului Ali - Morti peste morti, sange peste sange ENG
Carnagiu la Najaf în timpul misiunii de pace ROM
Najaf: situatie în curs de calmare ROM
Moqtada Sadr continua luptele ROM
Ziaristul italian a fost executat ROM
Eliberari de ostatici in Iraq ROM
Felicitari pentru tratamentul inuman aplicat prizonierilor FRA, ENG
 
Cresterea economica amenintata de petrol ROM
Seful Bancii Mondiale spune ca petrolul nu va trece de 30 dolari ENG
Fara panica ENG
Arhiva LR
Suspecti al-Quaida arestati in Pakistan ENG
Iraq: O amenintare reala si o falsa decapitare FRA, ROM; Luptele au reinceput la Najaf FRA; Propunere pacifista a premierului iraqian FRA, DEU ; Postul Al-Jazira a fost suspendat ENG
Talibani ucisi in Afganistan si Pakistan FRA * Membru Al-Qaida arestat in Dubai ITA
Terorismul blocheaza o conducta petroliera ESP

Irlandez ucis in Arabia Saudita ENG
2 victime in atentat cu bomba in Pakistan FRA
Orase de legenda: Casablanca FRA
Palestina: Ministrii abandoneaza o situatie incontrolabila FRA
 

Dublu atentat sinucigas in Israel ROM
Dublul atentat sinucigas de la Beersheba s-a soldat cu moartea a 12 persoane si ranirea altor cel putin 86 dintre care sapte se afla in stare grava, au anuntat surse medicale, citate de editia electronica de marti a cotidianului Haaretz. Conform primelor elemente ale anchetei, cele doua autobuze plecasera din statia centrala a orasului, iar cei doi atentatori au detonat explozibilii la ora locala 14.50 (14.50 ora Romaniei), in timp ce unul dintre autobuze se afla pe bulevardul Rager, in apropiere de spitalul Soroka, iar cel de-al doilea pe o strada din apropierea sediului primariei. Politia si serviciile de interventie au sosit imediat in zona.
Miscarea radicala palestiniana Hamas revendicat printr-un apel telefonic anonim, dublul atentat sinucigas, relateaza AFP. Interlocutorul anonim a afirmat ca atentatele au fost comise de Brigazile Ezzedin Al-Qassam,pentru a razbuna moartea lui Ahmad Yassin si a lui Abdelazi Al-Rantissi, lideri Hamas asasinati de Israel in martie si, respectiv, aprilie. De asemenea, atentatele au reprezentat si o manifestare de solidaritate cu detinutii palestinieni aflati in greva foamei in inchisorile israeliene. El nu a dezvaluit identitatea autorilor atacurilor.

Retragerea israelienilor din Gaza a fost amanata
Primul ministru israelian Ariel Sharon a prezentat marti grupului parlamentar al Blocului Likud un calendar privind retragerea trupelor din fasaia Gaza. Potrivit planului, prima etapa este programata pentru data de 1 septembrie, zi in care Sharon prezinta cabinetului de securitate principiile legii privind evacUarea c loniil r israeliene din Gaza. La 6 septembrie, premierul Sharoj va supune planul sau aprobarii guvernului, iar la 14 octombrie va cere executivului sa ratifice legea in privinta retragerii statului evreu din Gaza. La 3 octombrie legea va fi adoptata de Parlament (Knesset).
Totusi, imediat dupa explozia de la Beersheba, Sharon a anuntat ca va renunta la planul de retragere din Gaza datorita reluarii atentatelor pe teritoriul israelian. Explozia din Beersheva a fost prima dupa 6 luni fara atentate si a fost primul atentat comis in aceasta localitate.

Ziaristul italian a fost executat ROM

Gruparea Armata Islamica din Irak l-a executat pe ziaristul italian Enzo Baldoni,care fusese luat ostatic in Irak,a anuntat postul de televiziune Al-Jazeera,citat de AFP.Postul Al-Jazeera a anuntat ca a primit o inregistrare video care contine imagini ale trupului acestuia dupa executie, adaugind ca a decis sa nu difuzeze caseta "pentru a nu soca sensibilitatea telespectatorilor". Intr-un comunicat care insotea inregistrarea video, gruparea afirma ca ostaticul a fost executat in conformitate cu legea islamica (Sharia). © TVR

Eliberari de ostatici in Iraq ROM

Doi soferi de camion libanezi si un al treilea de nationalitate siriana, rapiti la 6 august in Irak, au fost eliberati, luni, de catre rapitorii lor, a declarat pentru AFP mama unuia din fostii ostatici. "Fiul meu mi-a telefonat din Irak si mi-a spus ca a fost eliberat de rapitorii sai in acelasi timp cu doi din camarazii sai, Taha Jundi si Khaldoun Othman", a declarat Khadija Hamad Issa, mama lui Ossama Issa, de nationalitate siriana si rezident in Liban. © TVR

Escaladarea tensiunilor intre Israel si Iran ENG
Tensions Escalate Between Israel, Iran

By JOSEF FEDERMAN, Associated Press Writer

JERUSALEM - Iran threatened this week to attack Israel's nuclear facilities. Israel ominously warned that it "knows how to defend itself." Tensions between the two arch enemies have suddenly escalated, underlining the other great enmity that has been bubbling on the sidelines of the Arab-Israeli conflict for more than two decades.

Suspicions that the Iranian regime is moving forward with a nuclear arms program deeply worry Israel, which considers Iran the greatest threat to the Jewish state. Israeli officials say they want to avoid escalating the situation, however, and there is no sign Israel is building up for an attack like the one that destroyed Iraq's Osirak nuclear reactor in 1981.

Experts say the two countries are unlikely to go to war anytime soon, despite the heated-up rhetoric coming out of Iran and the intensified efforts by Israel to isolate the Iranian regime diplomatically.

Iran and Israel once had close ties, but they have been foes since the 1979 revolution that ousted Iran's shah and installed an Islamic government. Iranian leaders routinely call for Israel's destruction, while Israelis accuse Iran of supporting anti-Israel terrorists.

The heightened tensions arose from the U.S.-led campaign to organize international pressure on Iran to rein in its nuclear program.

While recently confirming they are working with technology that can be used to produce weapons-grade uranium, the Iranians insist their program's sole purpose is the peaceful generation of power and angrily complain about being under siege.

Last month, the commander of Iran's Revolutionary Guards said Iranians would "crush" Israel if it attacked the Persian state. Iranian Defense Minister Ali Shamkhani, upped the ante this week, telling Al-Jazeera television that his government might launch pre-emptive strikes to protect its nuclear facilities if they were threatened.

"We will not sit to wait for what others will do to us," he said, adding that some Iranian generals believe the doctrine of pre-emption is "not limited to Americans."

The warning was seen as aimed at Israel, alluding to the Israeli strike on Saddam Hussein's reactor two decades ago. A senior Israeli official responded that Israel's government was ready for all eventualities.

"We're not seeking war with Iran. But if a real threat materializes, Israel will know how to defend itself," said the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, reflecting long-standing Israeli policy of not talking publicly about matters involving nuclear arms.

Israel is widely believed to have nuclear weapons, but never formally confirms or denies it has them. It believes this policy of ambiguity is the best way to deter attack, by scaring regional foes about the possibility of nuclear annihilation while denying those nations a rationale for also seeking such weapons.

Despite the tensions, experts don't foresee things boiling over. "I think it is a serious confrontation. The issue is who can do what about it," said Cliff Kupchan, vice president of the Nixon Center in Washington and a former Clinton administration official who is an expert on Iran. "On the Israeli side, it is not clear that they have the military capabilities or intelligence knowledge to significantly set back the Iranian program. The Iranians learned from Osirak to disperse and copy everything they have (in their nuclear program). I don't think that Israel can do much."

Sammy Salama, a research associate at the Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies in California, noted that the military situation is different, too.

"Iraq didn't have any way of striking back," Salama said, alluding to Iran's long-range Shahab-3 missiles, which are capable of reaching Israel. "I think Iran, in essence, is saying, 'We are not Iraq.'"
©Yahoo News

Case noi in Cisiordania ROM

Premierul israelian, Ariel Sharon, a autorizat publicarea ofertelor de licitatie pentru construirea a circa 1000 locuinte in coloniile evreiesti din Cisiordania pe care el le inghetase, "unda verde" survenind cu o zi inaintea conventiei partidului sau, Likud, transmite AFP, referindu-se la un anunt in acest sens facut marti la Ierusalim de un responsabil israelian. Ariel Sharon doreste sa intareasca principalele colonii evreiesi din Cisiordania unde traiesc majoritatea din cei aproximativ 240.000 de colonisti evrei, paralel cu evacuarea 21 de colonii din Fasia Gaza si a altora patru mai mici izolate din nordul Cisiordaniei. © TVR

Israelul izoleaza banda Gaza FRA
Israel segmente la bande de Gaza après des tirs de roquette

GAZA - L'armée israélienne a divisé la bande de Gaza en trois parties et fermé la frontière avec l'Egypte à Rafah en réponse à des tirs de roquettes palestiniens sur la ville israélienne de Sderot qui n'ont pas fait de victimes.

Selon des habitants, des blindés israéliens sont aussi intervenus dans le camp de réfugiés de Rafah, où ils ont rasé 13 habitations, laissant une centaine de personnes sans abri. Tsahal a déclaré qu'elle avait mené une opération ciblée contre des activistes cachés dans le camp.

Des témoins palestiniens ont affirmé que les forces israéliennes avaient bloqué l'axe principal de communication routière de la bande de Gaza et fermé le point frontière avec l'Egypte à Rafah.

Des sources militaires israéliennes ont confirmé l'opération qui vise, selon elles, à prévenir d'autres attaques palestiniennes.

D'après des témoins, des bulldozers de l'armée israélienne soutenu par un blindé ont aussi détruit une partie de la route côtière qui longe la Méditerranée, près de la colonie juive de Netzarim, barrant le passage aux voitures palestiniennes.

Tsahal cloisonne régulièrement des parties de la bande de Gaza pour tenter d'arrêter des activistes qui mènent depuis bientôt quatre ans une insurrection contre Israël.

La violence s'est considérablement accrue à Gaza depuis que le Premier ministre israélien Ariel Sharon a fait connaître son intention d'évacuer le territoire avant la fin 2005, les activistes palestiniens cherchant à prouver que c'est leur guérilla incessante qui est à l'origine de ce retrait.

L'armée israélienne a déclaré que des activistes palestiniens avaient tiré jeudi matin deux roquettes Kassam de fabrication artisanale sur la ville de Sderot, sans faire de dégâts majeurs ni de victimes.

Des activistes ont aussi tiré plusieurs mortiers sur la colonie juive de Gush Katif dans le sud de la bande de Gaza, sans faire, là non plus, de victimes. ©Liberation


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